Dental Diseases & Teeth Problems

Oral health plays an important role in our well being. Several dental diseases can cause oral health problems affecting the teeth, gums, or other tissues and parts of the mouth. They may range in severity from a simple mouth ulcer to a common tooth cavity, or up to a deadly mouth cancer. Dental diseases may cause pain and compromise our ability to chew, smile, or speak properly. However, most of the dental health problems can be prevented with simple measures such as following proper daily oral hygiene and regularly visiting a dentist.

Dental plaque is an almost invisible film of bacteria that accumulates on our teeth and gums. It is the cause of the main dental diseases: tooth decay and gum disease.

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Dental Calculus (or dental tartar) is a hard layer of mineral deposits created on the teeth by hardened dental plaque. It causes inflammation of the gums, gum recession and gum disease.

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Tooth decay, also called ‘dental caries’ or ‘cavities’, is a disease causing the progressive destruction of the tooth structure. It is one of the main causes of tooth loss.

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Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is a serious inflammatory disease of the gums and bone around the teeth. Bleeding or receding gums are the main signs of periodontal disease.

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Tooth abscess is an accumulation of pus at the area around a tooth root or in the gums, as a result of a tooth or gum infection. It is a painful condition that may lead to tooth loss.

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Toothache is a sign of dental problems. Tooth pain can be a symptom of many different dental conditions. You should visit your dentist without delay for an exam to prevent any complications.

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Tooth loss can occur when one or more teeth fall out or they are extracted due to dental diseases such as tooth decay and gum disease, or lost due to tooth injuries or mouth trauma.

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Other dental problems include teeth injuries, bad breath, functional problems e.g. TMJ disorders, aesthetic problems e.g. yellow teeth, and pathological conditions affecting the human mouth.

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